- your genes
- your daily habits
- the environment.
The best strategy at any age is prevention!
Tips on Maintaining Healthy Skin
It is simple: protect your skin from the sun!
- Do not sunbathe or visit tanning salons.
- Limit your exposure to the sun, especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
- Wear protective clothing: hat, sunglasses, long-sleeved shirts, and mineral based sunscreens.
- Use SPF of 30 or greater
- Reapply the SPF lotion 80 minutes to 2 hours, more if sweating or swimming.
- If your skin is dry, use a humidifier at home, bathe with soap less often (use a moisturizing body wash instead), and use a moisturizing lotion.
Treatment Options for Aging Skin
For early signs of aging, treatments that use retinoids, vitamin C, and alpha hydroxy acids may be enough. Chemical peels, dermabrasion, ultrasound imaging devices, or laser resurfacing may be an option for moderate to severe facial sun damage.
Deeper facial lines may be treated with botulinum toxin or fillers, including hyaluronic acid injections, your own fat, and Gore-Tex implants.
1. Retinoid creams
A host of over-the-counter products claim to help fight wrinkles. One option: topical retinoid (derived from vitamin A) creams; look for retinol in the ingredient list. “They’re the only thing that’s been proven to get rid of wrinkles that you already have
2. Over-the-counter peptide creams
Creams containing peptides—short snippets of linked amino acids—can be useful for reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, but they haven’t been shown to work as well as retinoids. As skin ages, it loses collagen and becomes wrinkled and thin; creams containing peptides are supposed to encourage the skin to make new collagen. Peptides are found in a variety of products, from the inexpensive to the very expensive
5. Chemical peels
Used to address mild acne scars, age spots, dull skin texture, skin discoloration, or wrinkles around the eyes or mouth, chemical peels remove the outer layers of the skin and encourage the growth of new, smoother, more evenly colored skin. Depending on the peel’s intensity—which can range from superficial to medium to deep—it may cause reddening and peeling that can last up to several weeks.
6. Botox or Dysport
Injections of the now familiar Botox or of Dysport—which also contains botulism toxin and was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in April—can paralyze tiny facial muscles, smoothing out the appearance of lines or wrinkles. The cost of Botox will vary depending on location and doctor, but it averages about $400. The effects of injections may last three to six months, depending on whether you’re a repeat customer. (The more injections you’ve previously had, the longer the results last
7. Filler injections
Injections of fillers containing hyaluronic acid can fill in lines and wrinkles and add volume to skin. Hyaluronic acid is a “naturally occurring sugar that gets lost when you age,” and injecting it into wrinkles effectively plumps them up, says Baumann. The average cost of hyaluronic acid treatment was $589 in 2008, according to the AACS, and the effects generally last between six months and a year.
9. Try prevention
If all this sounds extreme (and expensive), remember that you can start immediately to prevent any further damage: Start wearing sunscreen every day. Lifetime exposure to the sun can wreak serious havoc, says Angelo Cuzalina, president-elect of the AACS. “When [people] were younger…they didn’t think [the sun] caused any bad signs. Now they’re really feeling the effects of it 30 years later.” And none of these treatments or procedures are a substitute for healthful eating and regular physical activity. Some doctors, Cuzalina included, will not perform surgery on patients who are so overweight that it might jeopardize post-surgical results. When Cuzalina sees patients who have a body mass index above 30 (that is, obese), for example, he usually refers them to a weight-loss clinic before he’ll operate.